So what is HANDMADE FELT, anyway?

Felt is both a noun and verb; felt, the textile (fabric), can be created by either “wet felting” or “needle felting” (dry felting) or a combination of both.

Felt is loose wool or other animal fiber that is made into a textile with a haphazard fiber structure by using a combination of some of the following: pressure, agitation, water, soap, heat and needles.

Wet felting is a two staged process: felting occurs first by using moisture, pressure and/or agitation to form a loose textile(soft felt) where the fibers have become enmeshed; fulling then occurs by applying further agitation and/or pressure, and perhaps heat which causes the “soft felted” textile to shrink and become firmer.

Nuno-felt (laminated felt) is wool or other animal fiber enmeshed or embedded into nonhaphazard textile (such as woven, crocheted, knotted or knitted silk, cotton, rayon, or wool) using the wet felting process.

Needle felting is a technique which uses barbed needles to entangle loose wool or animal fiber into a cohesive textile structure.

Felt is not a textile where the primary structure is knitted, woven, crocheted or knotted

Accepted by the Northeast Feltmakers Guild Membership, November 14, 2010